In a report published by the Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics, nationwide, “Four in 10 [jail] inmates were sentenced offenders or convicted offenders awaiting sentencing.” White inmates were 47 percent, blacks represented 36 percent and Hispanics comprised 15 percent of the male population incarcerated by the end of June 2013.
About six out of 10 jail inmates were not convicted during this period but were incarcerated awaiting court action on a current charge, a rate unchanged since 2005. The report said, “The majority of the jail inmates were held in less than 10 percent of the jails. The largest jails (those with an average daily population of 1,000 or more inmates) held 48 percent of the inmate population at midyear 2013 but accounted for 6 percent of all jail jurisdictions nationwide.”
“In comparison, the smallest jail jurisdictions held 3 percent of all jail jurisdictions…Combined, these jail jurisdictions accounted for 18 percent of all inmates. Jail jurisdictions with an average daily population of 250 to 999 inmates accounted for 17 percent of all jail jurisdictions, but held 31 percent of all inmates at midyear 2013,” the report said.
“The number of persons admitted in 2013 was
16 times the size of the average daily population (731,352)”
“The average daily population (ADP) is derived by the sum of inmates in jail each day for a year, divided by the number of days in the year (i.e., between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2013),” it was reported.
During a 12-month period, local jails processed 11.7 million inmates. The report noted, “The number of persons admitted in 2013 was 16 times the size of the average daily population (731,352).”
At the end of June 2013, more than a third of inmates admitted were sent to the largest jails. According to the report, “In comparison, jail jurisdictions holding fewer than 50 inmates accounted for 7 percent of all jail admissions. For these jails, the number of inmates admitted was 34 times the size of the ADP.”
The female inmate population increased 10.9 percent (up 10,000 inmates) between midyear 2010 and 2013, an average of 1 percent each year between 2005 and 2013.
California jails experienced an increase of approximately 12,000 inmates between midyear 2011 and midyear 2013 following the passage of the California Public Safety Realignment.